A lighter tone of Madonna blue. Medici porcelain was the first successful attempt in Europe to make imitations of Chinese porcelain. The experimental manufactory housed in the Casino of San Marco in Florence existed between 1575 and 1587 under the patronage of Francesco l de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. Following the precedents of classic Chinese blue and white porcelain, decorations were painted in under-glaze blue, which resulted in a range of hues when fired—from a bright cobalt blue to grey
A color found in Genoese fabrics of the 16th Century. By the mid 15th century the silk industry had become the largest employer in Genoa, but the growth of this industry was particularly strong in the 16th century. Two kinds of Genoese silk fabrics were very highly reputed in Europe: silk fabric woven with silver and gold threads and teciopelo (triple velvet).